States with the highest number of African Americans

All figures come from the U.S. Census Bureau Report issued in June 2004

The Census Bureau defines ancestry as a person's ethnic origin, racial heritage, descent, or "roots," which may reflect their place of birth, place of birth of parents or ancestors, and ethnic identities that have evolved within the United States.

African Americans in America: "African Americans" are defined as people who marked their ethnic origin as "African American" on the Census survey in 1990 and/or 2000.

* Highest number as percentage of region population not total population.

State/Region (2000 population)% of Region's PopulationTotal Population
District of Columbia (572,059)43.4248,274
Mississippi (2,844,658)28.3805,038
Louisiana (4,468,976)25.51,139,589
South Carolina (4,012,012)22.8914,739
Georgia (8,186,453)21.61,768,274
Maryland (5,296,486)20.51,085,780
Alabama (4,447,100)19.9884,973
North Carolina (8,049,313)16.61,336,186
Virginia (7,078,515)14.91,054,699
South * (100,236,820)1414,033,155
Delaware (783,600)14109,704
Tennessee (5,689,283)13739,607
Arkansas (2,673,400)11.9318,135
Illinois (12,419,293)11.51,428,219
Michigan (9,938,444)111,093,229
Ohio (11,353,140)9.11,033,136
United States * (281,421,906)8.824,765,128
New Jersey (8,414,350)8.8740,463
Missouri (5,595,211)8.8492,379
Texas (20,851,820)8.71,814,108
Florida (15,982,378)8.61,374,485
Midwest * (64,392,776)7.85,022,637
New York (18,976,457)7.71,461,187
Pennsylvania (12,281,054)7.4908,798
Northeast * (53,594,378)6.53,483,635
Indiana (6,080,485)6.5395,232
Kentucky (4,041,769)5.7230,381
California (33,871,648)5.11,727,454

People in America Series: States with the highest number of African Americans

"-": Rounds to 0.0.

Some ancestries are general may encompass several ancestries not listed separately (i.e., African American, White).

"NS": Not statistically different from zero at the 90-percent confidence level.

Notes: Because of sampling error, the estimates in this table may not be significantly different from one another or from other ancestries not listed in this table.

People who reported two ancestries were included once in each category. The estimates in this table differ slightly in some cases from the estimates in other data products due to the collapsing schemes used. For example, here German does not include Bavarian. Some groups correspond to groups identified separately in the race and Hispanic-origin questions. The race item provides the primary source of data for White, Black, American Indian, Alaska Native, Asian groups, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander groups. The Hispanic-origin question is the primary identifier for Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and other Hispanic groups.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1990 Census and Census 2000 special tabulations.

Compiled by Rhett Butler

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